Transport in Middle East and to South-western Asia or from the countries within these regions requires a special problem-solving competence and a good network. The land transport competes with the sea freight with respect to price, especially because the Iranian ports are being operated regularly only since 2015 by the European shipping companies, and the Iraqi ports have not been significant due to frequently interrupted connection with Inland. Due to this land transport gained importance.
Thus, Turkey gained importance as a transit country, for direct truck-land transport and onward carriages of containers as well as for transhipment of goods for the provision of Iraq, Iran, Syria and other eastern countries like Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia, Turkmenistan. Turkey enjoys a long-term growth and expansion of logistics. It has been still benefitted due to crises in Syria and in Iraq and instability of the routes due to it, which were temporarily led via Jordanian port Aqaba into the interior of Iraq. The capacities Capacities of Turkey as transit country have been recently enhanced by means of increasing activities of Iranian carriers after lifting of the sanctions.
For transport calculations, it is especially worth comparing the sea freight rates with the land transport rates for Less than Truck Loads in Iraq, Iran and the countries on its northern side. Due to port dues and high onward carriage costs for the containers and Less than Truck Loads, for example, after unloading at the southern Iranian ports, the land transport can be the cost-effective and simple solution for the countries in Middle East.
Our task is to provide advice to the exporting and importing companies in advance during the planning phase, to place our experience at their disposal and to determine the best routes mutually according to the criteria like transport security, simple handling of documents and costs. Thus, we get in touch with the commercial partner in advance as per the wish of the shipper or consignee in order to include the special requests and requirements in the planning phase and to clarify the following questions:
- Which point of entry the customer would like to be controlled and which routes should be navigated?
- Which documents should be prepared and how? Does one require certificates and legalisations?
- Should specific certificates be procured in advance?